Pear Sacramento CA
Home gardeners can grow high-quality pear varieties available that aren't available in grocery stores, making pear trees a good choice for the home orchard.
About This PlantPears can usually be grown wherever apples are successful, though they are somewhat less resistant than apples to extremes of heat and cold. Pears, however, need less attention than apples in matters of pruning and insect control and are more tolerant of moist soil conditions.
Choose fire blight-resistant varieties and rootstocks, especially in areas outside dry western regions. Most varieties will start to bear significant harvests after 5 to 6 years. Plant at least two different, but compatible, varieties for cross-pollination.
Site SelectionChoose a site with full sun, moderate fertility, and good air circulation and water drainage. Pears will do well in a wide range of soil types.
Planting InstructionsSet bare-root trees atop a small mound of soil in the center of the planting hole, and spread the roots down and away without unduly bending them. Identify original planting depth by finding color change from dark to light as you move down the trunk towards the roots. If the tree is grafted, position the inside of the curve of the graft union away from the afternoon sun.For container-grown trees, remove the plant from its pot and eliminate circling roots by laying the root ball on its side and cutting through the roots with shears. Don't cover the top of the root-ball with backfill because it could prevent water from entering.Space standard-size trees 20 to 25 feet apart; space dwarf trees 12 to 15 feet apart.
CarePears do best with a small amount of fertilizer early in the year. Heavy doses of nitrogen will make the tree more vulnerable to fire blight. Use limb spreaders to encourage horizontal branching and earlier fruiting spurs. Pears are susceptible to a number of different disease and insect pests, depending on region. Contact your Cooperative Extension office for information on managing pests in your area.
HarvestingPears should be harvested when they are mature, but still hard, and ripened off the tree for the best eating and canning quality. If you're going to keep some pears in cool storage for eating a month or two in the future, pick them when they are full size but still quite hard. Even though the skin is firm, handle them gently; they bruise easily.
Home Owner�s Essentials
Dates: 3/22/2014 – 4/26/2014
Ashby Lumber Berkeley
824 Ashby Avenue
This six-Saturday Spring intensive course covers a wide range of topics, including:Anatomy of a House: Reading plans; scales, sections & elevationTools and Safety: Ear & eye protection, ladders, scaffolding, hand and power toolsCodes, Permits, Inspections: Log books, variances, inspectionsLayout, Foundations, Drains: Water & builder�s levels, batter boards, quick tiesFoundation Repair and Replacement: Dry rot, infestation, shoring, capping, reinforced concrete grade beams, SawzallsEarthquake Retrofitting: Shear walls, bolts, joist blocking, bridging, sills, knee walls, foundation bolt & joist spacing, minimum heightsFloor Framing: subfloors, gussets, types and grades of plywoodWall Framing and Removal: king trimmer & cripple studs, headers, sole/top plates, beams, hangers, strongbacks, ties, corners, channelsStairs & Decks: Rise, run, stringers, gauges, landings, ledgersRoof Framing and Sheathing: Pitch, bird�s mouth, ridge and tail cut, pattern rafter, perimeter nailingRoofing: Installation, repair, composition, hot tar, cold process, metal, wood shakeSkylights: Types and materials, light shaft, collars, step flashingSiding, Types & Installation: Board & batten, stucco, ply, wood shinglesHVAC:Heating/ventilation/air-conditioning, furnaces, ductingPlumbing: Drains, P-traps, clean-outs, vents, sanitary tees, PVC, ABS, no-hub bandsDoors and Windows: Rough & new open ings, flashing, pre-hungInterior and Exterior Trim: Miter, cope, butt joints, scribingElectrical Wiring: Weatherheads, meter, service panel, breakers, Romex, GFI circuits and outletsInsulation: Attic and roof walls, vapor barriers, types and R values, floors & windowsDrywall: Water resistant, coated nails, prep framing, ceiling jacks, taping, topping, textureCeramic Tile: Backer boards, mortar bed, thin set, snap cutter, nipper, trowels, other toolsFlooring: Underlayment, patterns, templates, seaming, cove, T & G, filling, sandingKitchens and Baths: Function & design, cabinetry,countertopsRoom Additions: T