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St. Paul, MN
Florist, Garden Centers / Nurseries
You can plant many crops directly in the garden, especially root vegetables, crops with large seeds, and seeds of plants that can mature within your growing season. The correct time to plant each crop varies widely according to the climate where you live and the specific needs of each crop.
Tools and Materials
- Soil thermometer
- String and stakes
- Measuring tape
- Steel rake
- Vegetable seeds
- Water source
- watering can
- Floating row cover, optional
When to plant. In general, plant cool-season crops (peas, lettuce, greens, cole crops, and root crops) so they can mature before the onset of mid-summer heat or freezing autumn weather. Some, such as peas and spinach, will germinate in soils as cool as 40° F. Most cool-season crops will germinate and grow if planted about two weeks before the last spring frost.
Plant heat-loving, warm-season crops (such as squash, beans, corn, melons, and cucumbers) only after the soil has warmed, about two weeks after the last frost in spring. These crops require soil temperatures between 60° and 70° F.
Choose planting pattern. Plant most seeds in 1- to 3-foot-wide beds instead of single-file rows. Wide row planting reduces weeding and watering needs and increases the yield per square foot by decreasing the space needed for paths between rows. Single-row planting works best for corn and climbing peas and beans. Plant vine crops (squash, cucumbers, gourds, and pumpkins) in 1-foot-square beds, spaced 3 to 6 feet apart. Plant 4 to 6 seeds in each bed.
Prepare soil. When the soil is dry enough to crumble after squeezing and warm enough to plant, add compost and other amendments, as necessary (see "Preparing a New Garden Plot"). Mark the rows with string and stakes, if desired, leaving 2- to 3-foot aisles between rows. Smooth the soil in the rows with a steel rake. Break up large clods and remove stones and debris.
Sow seeds. Plant seeds at a depth equal to two to three times their diameters and as far apart as recommended on the seed packet. In wide row plantings, you can space large seeds, such as beans, on the soil surface and then push them into the soil with your finger. Scatter small seeds, such as carrots, over the prepared row and sprinkle soil over them. Tap the soil gently with the back of a hoe or the palm of your hand. In single-row plantings, make a furrow at the proper planting depth with the corner of a hoe blade. Space the seeds in the furrow and cover with soil.
Water and care. Water the planted rows with a gentle spray from a hose or watering can without disturbing the soil. Keep the soil evenly moist, especially while the seedlings sprout and become established. Protect from frost and grazing animals with a floating row cover, if necessary.
The number of days listed on the seed packet refers to the time needed to mature a crop after sowing seed or transplanting into the garden. Choose varieties that can ripen within your growing season.
If your space is limited, try compact vegetable varieties; crops that provide a high yield per square foot, such as root vegetables; and trellises for vining plants.
Photograph by National Gardening Association.
2014 APS Annual Meeting - American Phytopathological Society
Dates: 8/9/2014 – 8/13/2014
Venue To Be Decided Minneapolis
The exhibition helps suppliers make valuable, one-on-one connections with the top scientists in our field, showcases advances in research and technology, and offers solutions for equipment services and needs. An ad in a magazine or a flyer in the mail will tell our members much about your products, but nothing compares to real conversation and genuine, authentic relationship-building.APS is an international scientific organization devoted to the study of plant diseases and their control. APS members conduct important fundamental research that ultimately leads to the development of new products, equipment, methods, and services. They also work directly with the growers on the front lines of plant health management.Their work in research and applied plant pathology influences the success of your products and services. An exhibition of the latest products and services that advance their work is critical to our attendees.IAPPS ensures production of sufficient quality of food/feed/fiber for a growing population and advocates implementation of sustainable plant health management strategies.If the 2014 APS Annual Meeting - American Phytopathological Society is important to your business, act now and make the appropriate connections. See the contact information below.
ASA-CSSA-SSSA - 2015 International Annual Meeting - American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America
Dates: 11/15/2015 – 11/18/2015
What are the ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings?Where else can you reach more than 4,000 scientists, researchers, educators and students who make and influence buying decisions-- all in one place at one time! The International Annual Meetings is one of the few gatherings bringing together scientific leaders in a unique buying environment. The Annual Meetings feature nearly 2,500 technical presentations, along with a host of networking events and award ceremonies. The exhibition features the latest scientific equipment, supplies, services, and reference materials available.The International Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) bring together 3,500+ people from 50+ countries representing academia, government and private industry, including a large contingent of undergraduate and graduate students.Why should your company choose to exhibit at theASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings?-Place your company name and products/ services in front of this specialty audience of buyers.-Gain exposure and develop relationships with over 3,200 professionals and students in the agronomic sciences, the largest audience of this kind in the world!-Complimentary listing in the Program-Market your company through a complimentary listing on the ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings website: www.acsmeetings.org-Attend sessions relating to your area of interest.This event is heldin conjunction with the Entomological Society of America.Don't wait to register for the ASA-CSSA-SSSA - 2015 International Annual Meeting - American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America. You'll meet influential people and maximize your opportunities for success. Start now by accessing the information below.