Pruning a Shrub Rose Naples FL
Bonita Springs, FL
Pruning a Shrub Rose
Prune your roses to increase blooming and decrease disease and pest problems. Do most of your pruning in early spring just before new growth begins, but remove spent flowers and dead canes whenever they occur. The goal is to keep the center of the shrub free of twiggy, weak growth.
Tools and Materials
- Hand pruners
- Heavy, thorn-proof gloves
- Bleach and water
Collect your equipment. Pruning thorny rose shrubs requires sturdy, thorn-proof gloves and safety glasses to protect your eyes. Look for elbow-length gloves at garden centers. You also need a pair of sharp hand pruners for canes up to 1/2 inch in diameter. Use long-handled loppers or a small pruning saw to cut larger stems and to reach into the center of dense shrubs.
Inspect your rose plant. First, identify all dead and damaged canes. Next, locate long thin canes and canes that grow from below the graft union, if the plant is grafted. Lastly, look for canes that rub against or crowd each other, especially if they're growing through the center of the bush.
Determine where to cut. Prune canes back to fat, pink buds that face the outside of the shrub. Cut the spindly canes back by half their length or to 2 to 3 feet long. Cut or break off canes completely that grow from below the graft union. Remove diseased canes, and those that rub or crowd, back to healthy, outward-facing buds. If you see brown tissue in the center of a cane when you cut it, prune a little farther back until the tissue is clear and healthy.
Make the right pruning cut. Make your cut about 1/4 inch above a healthy bud and at a 45-degree angle. The bud and the high point of the cut should be on the same side of the cane so that water will drain away from the bud. To prevent the spread of disease, clean your pruning tools between shrubs with a mix of one part bleach and nine parts water.
Remove spent flowers. To encourage repeat flowering, use hand pruners or scissors to remove flowers as soon as they finish blooming. Cut each flower stem back to a leaf with 5 to 7 leaflets and a healthy bud.
In cold-climate areas, wait to prune until the buds just begin to swell in spring. It's easy at this time to tell the difference between healthy canes and buds and those that didn't make it through the winter.
Fertilize roses after spring pruning to encourage strong new growth.
Photography by Suzanne DeJohn/National Gardening Association
Florida Friendly Landscaping for Homeowners Workshop
Dates: 4/25/2014 – 4/25/2014
UF/IFAS Collier Extension, Naples FL Naples
14700 Immokalee Road
Learn Best Management Practices for Healthy LandscapesIs your turf maintenance tiring, or terrific? Plant care costing you dearly, or worth every penny? Is your yard hard or easy on your eyes, health, and wallet?Attend a free Florida Friendly Landscaping (FFL) for Homeowners workshop to learn University of Florida (UF)�s powerful principles for healthy landscapes. Col- lier County Extension Florida Yards and Neighborhoods (FYN) Coordinator Isabel Way-Soto and Master Gardener Mary Jane Cary will entertain and inform you, and provide take-home materials you can use.Then schedule an FYN Yard Recognition visit with a Master Gardener FYN Advisor team to learn if your yard is eligible for Silver or Gold recognition. Applying UF�s time-and-money-saving tips can enable you and your landscape to enjoy the natu- ral South Florida environment we call home.Each FFL for Homeowners workshop is held at the Collier County Extension 14700 Immokalee Road, Naples, FL 34120Friday, January 311 - 3 pmWednesday, February 121 - 3 pmFriday, April 251 - 3 pmQuestions? Contact the Collier Extension at 239 353 4244 or email Isabel at firstname.lastname@example.org or the Extension Master Gardeners at CollierMG@ifas.ufl.edu.