Watering Lawns and Gardens Chippewa Falls WI
Fort Atkinson, WI
River Falls, WI
1 . Watering Lawns and Gardens
One secret to achieving lush, healthy lawns and bountiful gardens is thorough, careful watering, which encourages deep, drought-resistant roots. Both the frequency and method of irrigation and amount of water required vary with your climate, soil, and plants' needs.
Tools and Materials
- Sprinkler or drip irrigation
- Measuring tape
Determine current soil moisture. Dig a 12-inch deep wedge of soil from your lawn or garden. Observe the amount of moisture in the sample. Water only if the top 6 inches of soil is dry.
Choose time of day. Evening and early morning are the best times to water because less water is lost to evaporation than with midday irrigation. On disease-prone plants such as roses, water in the morning to encourage the plants' leaves to dry quickly. Also avoid overhead sprinkling.
Choose watering method. Aboveground sprinklers cover large areas, such as lawns, most effectively but may encourage the spread of disease on roses, raspberries, beans, and other susceptible plants. In arid climates, around shrubs and trees, and in gardens, use drip irrigation for maximum water efficiency and disease control. Cover irrigation lines with mulch or bury them just under the soil surface.
Adjust sprinkler and drip systems. Set up overhead sprinklers so that water falls only on your lawn or garden and not on sidewalks, roads, or buildings. Adjust the water pressure of either type of system to allow water to penetrate the soil without puddling or running off.
Measure water depth. After 30 to 60 minutes, recheck the depth of water penetration in the soil at different places in the irrigation pattern. Move or adjust the sprinklers to achieve uniform coverage. Stop watering when soil is moist at a depth of 6 to 12 inches. To avoid digging test wedges in the future, note the length of time needed to achieve thorough watering.
Water your lawn and garden before plants show signs of wilting. Wilting stresses plants and may cause flower and fruit loss and poor growth.
To water vegetable and flower gardens containing tall plants that may otherwise block the spray, set sprinklers on a sawhorse, or use a tower-mounted sprinkler.
2 . Saving Water in Your Garden
• Water during the coolest part of the day. Water quickly evaporates during the hotter parts of the day so it is better to water during the coolest part of the day such as the morning hours or the evening hours.
• Mulch around your plants. Mulching help keep weeds out of your garden. It also helps keep your soil from drying out too quickly.
• Select varieties of plants that perform well in your area. Some plants or varieties of those plants grow well with little extra watering.
• Try using a soaker hose or drip irrigation system for watering your garden. These uses up to half as much water as a regular garden sprinkler.
• Don't over water! If you aren't sure how long to water, place a shallow pan in the garden. When the pan is full, you have probably watered enough.
• Irrigation systems are helpful. By setting the time and length of time to water, they take the guess work out of watering.
Having a garden is very rewarding in many ways. You benefit from increasing fruits and veggies in your diet. You also save money by growing some of the foods you would normally purchase from a grocer and, if you are mindful of your water consumption, you can conserve water and save money!
The opinions expressed by the Correspondents and those providing comments are theirs alone, and do not reflect the opinions of the nSphere or any employee thereof. All data and information provided on this site is for informational purposes only. nSphere makes no representations as to accuracy, completeness, currentness, suitability, or validity of any information on this site and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, or delays in this information or any losses, injuries, or damages arising from its display or use. All information is provided on an as-is basis. For any questions or to become a Correspondent yourself, please contact us at 617.933.7516.